A new HS-SPME-GC-MS analytical method to identify and quantify compounds responsible for changes in the volatile profile in five types of meat products during aerobic storage at 4 °C

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Food Res Int. 2024 Jul;187:114398. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2024.114398. Epub 2024 Apr 22.

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, it is important to monitor the freshness of meat during storage to protect consumers’ health. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are responsible for odour and taste of food, and they give an indication about meat quality and freshness. This study had the aim to seek and select potential new markers of meat spoilage through a semi-quantitative analysis in five types of meat (beef, raw and baked ham, pork sausage and chicken) and then to develop a new quantitative analytical method to detect and quantify potential markers on five types of meat simultaneously. Firstly, a new headspace-solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS) method was developed to evaluate the volatile profile of five types of meat, preserved at 4 °C for 5 days. Among the 40 compounds identified, 15 were chosen and selected as potential shelf-life markers on the basis of their presence in most of meat samples or/and for their constant increasing/decreasing trend within the sample. Afterwards, a quantitative HS-SPME-GC-MS analytical method was developed to confirm which VOCs can be considered markers of shelf-life for these meat products, stored at 4 °C for 12 days. Some of the compounds analyzed attracted attention as they can be considered markers of shelf-life for at least 4 types of meat: 1-butanol, 3-methylbutanol, 1-hexanol, 2-nonanone, nonanal, 1-octen-3-ol and linalool. In conclusion, in this study a new quantitative HS-SPME-GC-MS analytical method to quantity 15 VOCs in five types of meat was developed and it was demonstrated that some of the compounds quantified can be considered markers of shelf-life for some of the meat products analyzed.

PMID:38763656 | DOI:10.1016/j.foodres.2024.114398