A validated high-performance liquid chromatography method for detecting geniposide, ellagic acid, piperine, costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone in Liuwei Muxiang capsules

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Pak J Pharm Sci. 2024 Jan;37(1(Special)):205-213.

ABSTRACT

In this study, a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography detector was established and validated for the simultaneous determination of geniposide, ellagic acid, piperine, costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone in Liuwei Muxiang Capsules. The analysis was achieved on CHANIN 100-5-C18-H column (5μm, 250 mm×4.6 mm) with the temperature of 30oC. Gradient elution was applied using 0.1% phosphoric acid solution-methanol-acetonitrile (50:50) as mobile phase at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The determination was performed at the wavelength of 225 nm (detecting geniposide), 254 nm (detecting ellagic acid), 343 nm (detecting piperine) and 225 nm (detecting costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone) along with the sample volume of 10μL. The linear ranges of geniposide, ellagic acid, piperine, costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone demonstrated good linear relationships within their respective determination ranges. The average recoveries were 100.04%, 99.86%, 99.79%, 100.17% and 100.41%, respectively. RSD% was 1.3%, 1.2%, 1.2%, 1.2%, 1.5%, respectively. The developed method was proved to be simple, accurate and sensitive, which can provide a quantitative analysis method for the content determination of geniposide, ellagic acid, piperine, costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone in Liuwei Muxiang capsules.

PMID:38747271