Adverse Event Profile of Atezolizumab, Bevacizumab, Carboplatin, and Paclitaxel Combination Therapy Based on JADER

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Anticancer Res. 2024 Jun;44(6):2653-2660. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.17072.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: There have been advances in the development of immune checkpoint inhibitors for monotherapy and combination therapy with other anticancer agents in recent years. The combination of bevacizumab, carboplatin, and paclitaxel with atezolizumab, an anti-programmed death ligand 1 antibody (ABCP therapy), has been reported to be effective for treating non-small cell lung cancer. However, reports on its adverse events are limited. In this study, a survey and disproportionality analysis based on the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report (JADER) database was conducted to elucidate the adverse event profile of ABCP therapy.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The reporting odds ratio (ROR) and information component were used as indicators for the disproportionality analysis. The ROR was also used to assess the changes in the reporting intensity with combination therapy, and the mutual exclusivity of the 95% confidence interval between the compared groups was considered.

RESULTS: The reported adverse events of ABCP therapy mirrored those of the individual drugs that constituted it. ABCP therapy enhanced the reporting intensity of adverse events related to leukocytes and the skin, while decreased those related to interstitial lung disease and hepatic function abnormality as immune-related adverse events caused by atezolizumab, and gastrointestinal perforation caused by bevacizumab.

CONCLUSION: Our analysis of data from the JADER database has revealed the adverse event profile of ABCP therapy. Our findings emphasize the importance of effectively managing febrile neutropenia and skin-related adverse events in ABCP therapy.

PMID:38821611 | DOI:10.21873/anticanres.17072