Aequorivita sediminis sp. nov. and Aequorivita marina sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment


Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2024 Jun;74(6). doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.006423.


Two Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile, strictly aerobic strains, forming yellow colonies and designated F6058T and S2608T, were isolated from marine sediment collected in Weihai, PR China. Both strains grow at 4-40 °C (optimum, 30-33 °C), pH 6.0-7.5 (optimum, pH 6.5) and in the presence of 0-7.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The optimum NaCl concentrations for strains F6058T and S2608T were 2.0 % and 2.5 %, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strains F6058T and S2608T share an evolutionary lineage with members of the genus Aequorivita. The isolates exhibited a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 96.7 % to each other. Strains F6058T exhibited the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Aequorivita xiaoshiensis F64183T (98.8 %), and S2608T was most similar to Aequorivita capsosiphonis A71T (96.9 %). Iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C17:0 3-OH were the major fatty acids of strains F6058T and S2608T. The sole respiratory quinone of both isolates was menaquinone 6 (MK-6). The polar lipid profiles of the isolates both consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphoglycolipids; however, strain F6058T exhibited one glycolipid, one aminolipid and two unidentified polar lipids, and strain S2608T also had two glycolipids and one unidentified polar lipid. The DNA G+C contents of strains F6058T and S2608T were 34.6 % and 37.7 mol%, respectively. Based on their phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic characteristics, strains F6058T and S2608T were considered to represent novel species of the genus Aequorivita, for which the names Aequorivita sediminis sp. nov. and Aequorivita marina sp. nov. were proposed. The type strains are F6058T (=KCTC 92653T=MCCC 1H01358T) and S2608T (KCTC 92652T=MCCC 1H01361T).

PMID:38904664 | DOI:10.1099/ijsem.0.006423