Bacoside-A Improves Antioxidant Enzymes and Alleviates Oxidative Stress Coexist with Markers of Renal Function in a Rat Model of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2023 Nov 1;34(6):537-547. doi: 10.4103/sjkdt.sjkdt_163_21. Epub 2024 May 9.

ABSTRACT

Oxidative stress, imbalanced antioxidants, and dysregulated renal lipids are closely linked with diabetic nephropathy and eventual cause of end-stage renal failure. This study was performed to investigate the protective effect of bacoside-A on markers of lipid peroxidation, renal lipids, and markers of renal function in diabetic rats. Experimental diabetes was induced in Wistar rats by a single dose of streptozotocin [40 mg/kg body weight (BW)] via intraperitoneal injection. Oral administration of bacoside-A (10 mg/kg BW) and glibenclamide, a reference drug, continued for 45 days. Diabetic rats showed a significant increase in the levels of plasma glucose, renal lipids, markers of renal lipid peroxidation, and plasma biomarkers of renal function such as urea, uric acid, and creatinine. A significant decrease in the levels of plasma insulin, nonenzymatic antioxidants, and the activity of enzymatic antioxidants was seen compared with the normal controls. Bacoside-A (10 mg/kg BW) and glibenclamide (600 μg/kg BW) administered to diabetic rats resulted in a significant decrease in plasma glucose and renal lipids but a significant increase in the plasma insulin level. In addition, bacoside-A achieved a remarkable increase in the activity of enzymatic antioxidants and the levels of nonenzymatic antioxidants in the renal tissue of diabetic rats, along with significant decreases in the markers of lipid peroxidation and those of renal function, consequently substantiating the protecting effectiveness of bacoside-A in a diabetic state. These biochemical observations were supported by a histopathological study of the renal tissue. The present study suggested that bacoside-A, a triterpenoid, offers a higher renoprotective effect to counter abnormal parameters of renal function in diabetes-induced renal injury.

PMID:38725204 | DOI:10.4103/sjkdt.sjkdt_163_21