Benign synthesis of terpene-based 1,4-p-menthane diamine


Sci Rep. 2024 Apr 5;14(1):8055. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-58615-5.


Terpenes represent a promising renewable feedstock for the substitution of fossil resources in the synthesis of renewable platform chemicals, like diamines. This work describes the synthesis and full characterization of 1,4-p-menthane diamine (1,4-PMD) obtained from α-terpinene (1). A two-step procedure using dibenzyl azodicarboxylate (DBAD) and H2 as rather benign reagents was employed under comparatively mild conditions. Both C-N bonds were formed simultaneously during a visible-light mediated Diels-Alder reaction, which was investigated in batch or flow, avoiding regioselectivity issues during the amination steps that are otherwise typical for terpene chemistry. Heterogeneously catalyzed quadruple hydrogenation of the cycloadduct (2a) yielded 1,4‑PMD (3). While the intermediate cycloadduct was shown to be distillable, the target diamine can be sublimed, offering sustainable purification methods.

PMID:38580709 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-024-58615-5