Comparison of the efficacy of carelizumab combined with chemotherapy and chemotherapy alone in the induction therapy of locally advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma

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Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2024 Jul 9;104(26):2401-2408. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20231220-01436.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of carrelizumab combined with the modified TPF regimen (docetaxel, cisplatinand capecitabine) and TPF regimen alone in larynx preservation strategy for locally advanced resectable hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: A cohort study was conducted. Patients with locally advanced resectable hypopharyngeal carcinoma (cT3-4aN0-3bM0) who were treated at the Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University from January 2017 to April 2023 were enrolled in the study. One group was treated with a modified TPF regimen (TPF group) for 2-3 cycles (retrospective data), and the other group was a prospective phase Ⅱ trial with a modified TPF regimen combined with carrelizumab (TPFC group) for three cycles. The patients with complete or partial remission of the primary focus were treated with sequential radical radiotherapy and/or drug therapy. The patients in the TPFC group were treated with carrelizumab at the end of radiotherapy with a maximum of up to 18 doses. The patients with stable or progressive disease were given radical surgery, and those who refused the surgery were given radical chemoradiotherapy. Objective response rate (ORR), overall survival rate, progression-free survival (PFS) rate, larynx preservation rate (LPR), and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results: There were 51 male patients in the TPFC group, with an median age of 57 (35, 69) years. Meanwhile, 44 patients were in the TPF group, among which 43 were male and one was female, with an median age of 62 (46, 70) years. The ORR of the TPFC group was higher than that of the TPF group [82.4% (42/51) vs 63.6% (28/44), P=0.039]. During a median follow-up of 24.4 (18.5, 31.4) months, the TPFC group showed a higher 2-year survival rate (84.8% vs 64.6%, P=0.013) and 2-year LPR (66.6% vs 48.6%, P=0.045) than those in the TPF group. In patients with poor effect of induction therapy for hypopharyngeal carcinoma, surgical combination therapy significantly prolonged the 2-year PFS rate (77.9% vs 18.2%, P<0.001) and 2-year survival rate (76.9% vs 45.5%, P=0.005)than those of non-surgical combination therapy. The incidences of nausea and/or vomiting, reactive cutaneous capillary endothelial proliferation, thyroid dysfunction, and rash were increased in the TPFC group (all P<0.05). There was no treatment-related death. Conclusion: Carrelizumab combined with a modified TPF regimen has good efficacy and safety and can improve the LPR of locally advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma.

PMID:38978363 | DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20231220-01436