Comparison of the efficacy of taxanes with carboplatin and anthracyclines with taxanes in neoadjuvant chemotherapy for stage II-III triple negative breast cancer: a retrospective analysis

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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2024 Jun 5;150(6):291. doi: 10.1007/s00432-024-05738-x.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) regimen for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) primarily consists of anthracyclines and taxanes, and the addition of platinum-based drugs can further enhance the efficacy. However, it is also accompanied by more adverse events, and considering the potential severe and irreversible toxicity of anthracyclines, an increasing number of studies are exploring nonanthracycline regimens that combine taxanes and platinum-based drugs.

METHODS: The retrospective study included 273 stage II-III TNBC patients who received NACT. The AT group, consisting of 195 (71.4%) patients, received a combination of anthracyclines and taxanes, while the TCb group, consisting of 78 (28.6%) patients, received a combination of taxanes and carboplatin. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the factors influencing pathological complete response (pCR) and residual cancer burden (RCB). The log-rank test was used to assess the differences in event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) among the different treatment groups. Cox regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the factors influencing EFS and OS.

RESULTS: After NACT and surgery, the TCb group had a higher rate of pCR at 44.9%, as compared to the AT group at 31.3%. The difference between the two groups was 13.6% (OR = 0.559, 95% CI 0.326-0.959, P = 0.035). The TCb group had a 57.7% rate of RCB 0-1, which was higher than the AT group’s rate of 42.6%. The difference between the two groups was 15.1% (OR = 0.543, 95% CI 0.319-0.925, P = 0.024), With a median follow-up time of 40 months, the TCb group had better EFS (log-rank, P = 0.014) and OS (log-rank, P = 0.040) as compared to the AT group. Clinical TNM stage and RCB grade were identified as independent factors influencing EFS and OS, while treatment group was identified as an independent factor influencing EFS, with a close-to-significant impact on OS.

CONCLUSION: In stage II-III triple TNBC patients, the NACT regimen combining taxanes and carboplatin yields higher rates of pCR and significant improvements in EFS and OS as compared to the regimen combining anthracyclines and taxanes.

PMID:38836955 | DOI:10.1007/s00432-024-05738-x