Concise Synthesis of 11-Noriridoids via Pauson-Khand Reaction


Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2024;72(6):547-558. doi: 10.1248/cpb.c24-00190.


Iridoids, which are a class of monoterpenoids, are attractive synthetic targets due to their diversely substituted cis-fused cyclopenta[c]pyran skeletons. Additionally, various biological activities of iridoids raise the value of synthetic studies on this class of compounds. Here, our synthetic efforts toward 11-noriridoids; (±)-umbellatolide B (6), (±)-10-O-benzoylglobularigenin (9) and 1-O-pentenylaucubigenin (34) are described. For the efficient synthesis of target compounds, common synthetic intermediates (tricyclic enones 17 and 26) were prepared by the Pauson-Khand reaction. The cleavage of the acetal bond on the tricyclic enones and 1,2-reduction introduced the two hydroxy groups on the cyclopentane ring of the core scaffold. Furthermore, the C3-C4 olefin part was constructed by the syn-elimination of a thiocarbonate moiety to obtain 34. The developed synthetic routes for 6, 9, and 34 will be useful for the preparation of iridoid analogs that have a polyfunctionalized core skeleton.

PMID:38866476 | DOI:10.1248/cpb.c24-00190