Crocin ameliorates neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment in mice with Alzheimer’s disease by activating PI3K/AKT pathway

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Brain Behav. 2024 May;14(5):e3503. doi: 10.1002/brb3.3503.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Crocin has a good prospect in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but the mechanisms underlying its neuroprotective effects remain elusive. This study aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effects of Crocin and its underlying mechanisms in AD.

METHODS: AD mice were set up by injecting Aβ25-35 solution into the hippocampus. Then, the AD mice were injected intraperitoneally with 40 mg/kg/day of Crocin for 14 days. Following the completion of Crocin treatment, an open-field test, Y-maze test and Morris water maze test were conducted to evaluate the impact of Crocin on spatial learning and memory deficiency in mice. The effects of Crocin on hippocampal neuron injury, proinflammatory cytokine expressions (IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α), and PI3K/AKT signaling-related protein expressions were measured using hematoxylin and eosin staining, Western blot, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) experiments, respectively.

RESULTS: Crocin attenuated Aβ25-35-induced spatial learning and memory deficiency and hippocampal neuron injury. Furthermore, the Western blot and qRT-PCR results showed that Crocin effectively suppressed inflammation and activated the PI3K/AKT pathway in Aβ25-35-induced mice.

CONCLUSION: Crocin restrained neuroinflammation via the activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway, thereby ameliorating the cognitive dysfunction of AD mice.

PMID:38775292 | DOI:10.1002/brb3.3503