Determining Isoprenoid-Facilitated Monomeric GTPase Turnover in Primary Human Trabecular Meshwork Cultures

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Methods Mol Biol. 2024;2816:101-115. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-3902-3_10.

ABSTRACT

Members of the Rho family of small monomeric GTPases regulate a plethora of critical cellular functions including gene expression, cell cycle progression, and the dynamic modeling of the actin cytoskeleton. Diversity among Rho family members is derived, in part, from variations in their subcellular distribution. Localization of newly synthesized (naïve) Rho proteins to target subcellular compartments is largely governed by lipid modifications, including posttranslational prenylation. Here, using well-established and widely available contemporary methodologies, detailed protocols by which to semiquantitatively evaluate the functional consequence of posttranslational prenylation in human trabecular meshwork cells are described. We propose the novel concept that posttranslational prenylation itself is a key regulator of mammalian Rho GTPase protein expression and turnover.

PMID:38977592 | DOI:10.1007/978-1-0716-3902-3_10