Effects of CDDO-EA in sepsis-induced acute lung injury: mouse model of endotoxaemia

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Wiad Lek. 2024;77(3):497-505. doi: 10.36740/WLek202403119.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Aim: The aim of this research is to clarify the potential effect of CDDO-EA against experimentally sepsis induced lung injury in mice.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and Methods: Mice have divided into four groups: Sham group CLP group, Vehicle-treatment group, CDDO-EA-treated group: mice in this group received CDDO-EA 2mg/kg intraperitoneally, 1hr before CLP, then the animals were sacrificed 24hr after CLP. After exsAngpuinations, tissue samples of lung were collected, followed by markers measurement including, TNF-α, IL-1β, VEGF, MPO, caspase11, Angp-1and Angp-2 by ELISA, gene expression of TIE2 and VE-cadherin by qRT-PCR, in addition to histopathological study.

RESULTS: Results: A significant elevation (p<0.05) in TNF-α, IL-1β, MPO, ANGP-2, VEGF, CASPASE 11 in CLP and vehicle groups when compared with sham group. CDDO-EA group showed significantly lower levels p<0.05, level of ANGP-1 was significantly lower p<0.05 in the CLP and vehicle groups as compared with the sham group. Quantitative real-time PCR demonstrated a significant decrement in mRNA expression of TIE2&ve-cadherin genes p<0.05 in sepsis & vehicle.

CONCLUSION: Conclusions: CDDO-EA has lung protective effects due to its anti-inflammatory and antiAngpiogenic activity, additionally, CDDO-EA showes a lung protective effect as they affect tissue mRNA expression of TIE2 and cadherin gene. Furthermore, CDDO-EA attenuate the histopathological changes that occur during polymicrobial sepsis thereby lung protection effect.

PMID:38691792 | DOI:10.36740/WLek202403119