Endophytic Aspergillus fumigatiaffinis: Novel paclitaxel production and optimization insights

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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2024 Jul 3;108(1):405. doi: 10.1007/s00253-024-13230-2.

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the potential of endophytic fungi to produce paclitaxel (Taxol®), a potent anticancer compound widely employed in chemotherapy. This research aimed to identify, confirm, and characterize endophytic fungi capable of paclitaxel (PTX) production and assess their paclitaxel yield. Additionally, it aimed to investigate factors influencing paclitaxel production. A total of 100 endophytic fungal isolates were collected and identified from the roots of Artemisia judaica. Aspergillus fumigatiaffinis exhibited the highest PTX production (26.373 μg L-1) among the isolated endophytic fungi. The strain was identified as A. fumigatiaffinis (Accession No. PP235788.1). Molecular identification confirmed its novelty, representing the first report of PTX production by A. fumigatiaffinis, an endophyte of Artemisia judaica. Optimization through full factorial design of experiments (DOE) and response surface methodology (RSM) significantly enhanced PTX production to 110.23 μg L-1 from 1 g of dry weight of the fungal culture under optimal conditions of pH 8.0, 150 μg L-1 becozyme supplementation, and 18 days of fermentation in potato dextrose broth. The presence of paclitaxel was confirmed using thin layer chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. These findings maximize the role of endophytic fungus to produce a secondary metabolite that might be able to replace the chemically produced PTX and gives an opportunity to provide a sustainable source of PTX eco-friendly at high concentrations. KEY POINTS: • Endophytic fungi, like A. fumigatiaffinis, show promise for eco-friendly paclitaxel production • Optimization strategies boost paclitaxel yield significantly, reaching 110.23 μg L -1 • Molecular identification confirms novelty, offering a sustainable PTX source.

PMID:38958755 | DOI:10.1007/s00253-024-13230-2