Functional Characterization of Sesquiterpene Synthases and P450 Enzymes in Flammulina velutipes for Biosynthesis of Spiro [4.5] Decane Terpene


J Agric Food Chem. 2024 Apr 12. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.4c01636. Online ahead of print.


Flammulina velutipes, a popular edible mushroom, contains sesquiterpenes with potential health benefits. We characterized 12 sesquiterpene synthases and one P450 enzyme in F. velutipes using Aspergillus oryzae as a heterologous expression system, culminating in the biosynthesis of 16 distinct sesquiterpene compounds. An enzyme encoded by the axeB gene responsible for the synthesis of the spiro [4.5] decane compound axenol was discovered, and the mechanism of spirocycle formation was elucidated through quantum mechanical calculations. Furthermore, we delineated the role of a P450 enzyme colocated with AxeB in producing the novel compound 3-oxo-axenol. Our findings highlight the diverse array of sesquiterpene skeletons and functional groups biosynthesized by these enzymes in F. velutipes and underscore the effectiveness of the A. oryzae system as a heterologous host for expressing genes in the Basidiomycota genome. These insights into the biosynthesis of bioactive compounds in F. velutipes have significant implications for functional food and drug development.

PMID:38606577 | DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.4c01636