Hwangdonia lutea sp. nov., isolated from the Haima cold seep, South China Sea


Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2024 Jun;74(6). doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.006428.


A Gram-stain-negative, orange-yellow, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain SCSIO 19198T, was isolated from sediment of the Haima cold seep in the South China Sea, PR China. The strain was aerobic and non-motile. Growth of strain SCSIO 19198T occurred at pH 7-9 (optimum, pH 7), 15-37 °C (optimum, 25-32 °C) and with 3-8 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3-6 % NaCl). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA sequences revealed that strain SCSIO 19198T belonged to the genus Hwangdonia, having the highest similarity to Hwangdonia seohaensis HD-3T (98.35 %), followed by Algibacter aquimarinus KYW589T (95.17 %) and Gelatiniphilus marinus GYP-24T (94.89 %). The DNA G+C content was 35.92 mol%. The average nucleotide identity value between the genome of strain SCSIO 19198T and that of H. seohaensis HD-3T was 88.49 %. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain SCSIO 19198T and H. seohaensis HD-3T was 36 %. The major fatty acids (>10 %) of strain SCSIO 19198T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω6c/C16 : 1 ω7c) and anteiso-C15 : 0. MK-6 was the only detected respiratory quinone. The polar lipids of strain SCSIO 19198T included phosphatidylethanolamine, two aminolipids, glycolipid and two unidentified lipids. The phenotypic, phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and genomic data clearly suggest that strain SCSIO 19198T represents a novel species of the genus Hwangdonia, for which the name Hwangdonia lutea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SCSIO 19198T (=MCCC 1K08674T=KCTC 102078T).

PMID:38885036 | DOI:10.1099/ijsem.0.006428