Identification and characterization of CsERECTA, a major gene controlling stem elongation through regulating GA biosynthesis in cucumber

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Theor Appl Genet. 2024 Jun 7;137(7):151. doi: 10.1007/s00122-024-04660-7.

ABSTRACT

Dwarfing is an ideal agronomic trait in crop breeding, which can improve lodging resistance and increase crop productivity. In this study, we identified a dwarf mutant cp-3 from an EMS-mutagenized population, which had extremely short internodes, and the cell length and number of internodes were significantly reduced. Meanwhile, exogenous GA3 treatment partially rescued the plant height of the cp-3. Inheritance analysis showed that the cp-3 mutant was regulated via a recessive nuclear locus. A candidate gene, CsERECTA, encoding an LRR receptor-like serine/threonine-protein kinase, was cloned through a map-based cloning strategy. Sequence analysis showed that a nucleotide mutation (C ~ T) in exon 26 of CsERECTA led to premature termination of the protein. Subsequently, two transgenic lines were generated using the CRISPR/Cas9 system, and they showed plant dwarfing. Plant endogenous hormones quantitative and RNA-sequencing analysis revealed that GA3 content and the expression levels of genes related to GA biosynthesis were significantly reduced in Cser knockout mutants. Meanwhile, exogenous GA3 treatment partially rescued the dwarf phenotype of Cser knockout mutants. These findings revealed that CsERECTA controls stem elongation by regulating GA biosynthesis in cucumber.

PMID:38849610 | DOI:10.1007/s00122-024-04660-7