Identification and functional/structural analyses of large terpene synthases

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Methods Enzymol. 2024;699:477-512. doi: 10.1016/bs.mie.2024.03.017. Epub 2024 Apr 9.

ABSTRACT

Large terpene synthases (large-TSs) are a new family of TSs. The first large-TS discovered was from Bacillus subtilis (BsuTS), which is involved in the biosynthesis of a C35 sesquarterpene. Large-TSs are the only enzymes that enable the biosynthesis of sesquarterpenes and do not share any sequence homology with canonical Class I and II TSs. Thus, the investigation of large-TSs is promising for expanding the chemical space in the terpene field. In this chapter, we describe the experimental methods used for identifying large-TSs, as well as their functional and structural analyses. Additionally, several enzymes related to the biosynthesis of large-TS substrates have been described.

PMID:38942515 | DOI:10.1016/bs.mie.2024.03.017