Inhibition of Monilinia fructicola sporulation and pathogenicity through eucalyptol-mediated targeting of MfCat2 by Streptomyces lincolnensis strain JCP1-7

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Mol Plant Pathol. 2024 Jul;25(7):e13484. doi: 10.1111/mpp.13484.

ABSTRACT

Peach brown rot, attributed to Monilinia fructicola, presents a significant threat to postharvest peach cultivation, causing losses of up to 80%. With an increasing number of countries, spearheaded by the European Union, imposing bans on chemical agents in fruit production, there is a growing interest in mining highly active antibacterial compounds from biological control strains for postharvest disease management. In this study, we highlight the unique ability of Streptomyces lincolnensis strain JCP1-7 to inhibit M. fructicola sporulation, despite its limited antimicrobial efficacy. Through GC-MS analysis, eucalyptol was identified as the key compound. Fumigation of diseased fruits with eucalyptol at a concentration of 0.0335 μg cm-3 demonstrated an in vivo inhibition rate against M. fructicola of 93.13%, completely suppressing spore formation. Transcriptome analysis revealed the impact of eucalyptol on multiple pathogenesis-related pathways, particularly through the inhibition of catalase 2 (Cat2) expression. Experiments with a MfCat2 knockout strain (ΔMfCat2) showed reduced pathogenicity and sensitivity to JCP1-7 and eucalyptol, suggesting MfCat2 as a potential target of JCP1-7 and eucalyptol against M. fructicola. Our findings elucidate that eucalyptol produced by S. lincolnensis JCP1-7 inhibits M. fructicola sporulation by regulating MfCat2, thereby effectively reducing postharvest peach brown rot occurrence. The use of fumigation of eucalyptol offers insights into peach brown rot management on a large scale, thus making a significant contribution to agricultural research.

PMID:38973095 | DOI:10.1111/mpp.13484