Integrative transcriptome analysis uncovers common components containing CPS2 regulated by maize lncRNA GARR2 in gibberellin response

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Planta. 2024 May 7;259(6):146. doi: 10.1007/s00425-024-04425-y.

ABSTRACT

The combined transcriptome outcome provides an important clue to the regulatory cascade centering on lncRNA GARR2 and CPS2 gene in GA response. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) serve as regulatory components in transcriptional hierarchy governing multiple aspects of biological processes. Dissecting regulatory mechanisms underpinning tetracyclic diterpenoid gibberellin (GA) cascade holds both theoretical and applied significance. However, roles of lncRNAs in transcriptional modulation of GA pathway remain largely elusive. Gypsy retrotransposon-derived GIBBERELLIN RESPONSIVE lncRNA2 (GARR2) has been reported as GA-responsive maize lncRNA. Here a novel GARR2-edited line garr2-1 was identified, characteristic of GA-induced phenotype of increased seedling height and elongated leaf sheath. Transcriptome analysis indicated that transcriptional abundance of five genes [ent-copalyl diphosphate synthase2 (CPS2), ent-kaurene synthase4 (KS4), ent-kaurene synthase6 (KS6), ent-kaurene oxidase2 (KO2), and ent-kaurenoic acid oxidase1/Dwarf3 (KAO1/D3)] was elevated in garr2-1 for early steps of GA biosynthesis. Five GA biosynthetic genes as hub regulators were interlaced to shape regulatory network of GA response. Different transcriptome resources were integrated to discover common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the independent GARR2-edited lines GARR2KO and garr2-1. A total of 320 common DEGs were retrieved. These common DEGs were enriched in diterpenoid biosynthetic pathway. Integrative transcriptome analysis revealed the common CPS2 encoding the CPS enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of the precursor trans-geranylgeranyl diphosphate to ent-copalyl diphosphate. The up-regulated CPS2 supported the GA-induced phenotype of slender seedlings observed in the independent GARR2-edited lines GARR2KO and garr2-1. Our integrative transcriptome analysis uncovers common components of the GA pathway regulated by lncRNA GARR2. These common components, especially for the GA biosynthetic gene CPS2, provide a valuable resource for further delineating the underlying mechanisms of lncRNA GARR2 in GA response.

PMID:38713242 | DOI:10.1007/s00425-024-04425-y