Knockout Transporter Cell Lines to Assess Substrate Potential Towards Efflux Transporters

By

AAPS J. 2024 Jul 10;26(4):79. doi: 10.1208/s12248-024-00950-6.

ABSTRACT

P-glycoprotein (P-gp), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and multidrug resistance transporter 2 (MRP2) are efflux transporters involved in the absorption, excretion, and distribution of drugs. Bidirectional cell assays are recognized models for evaluating the potential of new drugs as substrates or inhibitors of efflux transporters. However, the assays are complicated by a lack of selective substrates and/or inhibitors, as well simultaneous expression of several efflux transporters in cell lines used in efflux models. This project aims to evaluate an in vitro efflux cell assay employing model substrates and inhibitors of P-gp, BCRP and MRP2 with knockout (KO) cell lines. The efflux ratios (ER) of P-gp (digoxin, paclitaxel), BCRP (prazosin, rosuvastatin), MRP2 (etoposide, olmesartan) and mixed (methotrexate, mitoxantrone) substrates were determined in wild-type C2BBe1 and KO cells. For digoxin and paclitaxel, the ER decreased to less than 2 in the cell lines lacking P-gp expression. The ER decreased to less than 3 for prazosin and less than 2 for rosuvastatin in the cell lines lacking BCRP expression. For etoposide and olmesartan, the ER decreased to less than 2 in the cell lines lacking MRP2 expression. The ER of methotrexate and mitoxantrone decreased in single- and double-KO cells without BCRP and MRP2 expression. These results show that KO cell lines have the potential to better interpret complex drug-transporter interactions without depending upon multi-targeted inhibitors or overlapping substrates. For drugs that are substrates of multiple transporters, the single- and double-KO cells may be used to assess their affinities for the different transporters.

PMID:38981917 | DOI:10.1208/s12248-024-00950-6