Microbacterium salsuginis sp. nov., a halotolerant actinobacterium with antimicrobial activity

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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2024 May;74(5). doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.006362.

ABSTRACT

A novel Gram-staining-positive actinobacterium with antimicrobial activity, designated CFH 90308T, was isolated from the sediment of a salt lake in Yuncheng, Shanxi, south-western China. The isolate exhibited the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to Microbacterium yannicii G72T, Microbacterium hominis NBRC 15708T and Microbacterium xylanilyticum S3-ET (98.5, 98.4 and 98.2 %, respectively), and formed a separate clade with M. xylanilyticum S3-ET in phylogenetic trees. The strain grew at 15-40 ÂșC, pH 6.0-8.0 and could tolerate NaCl up to a concentration of 15 % (w/v). The whole genome of strain CFH 90308T consisted of 4.33 Mbp and the DNA G+C content was 69.6 mol%. The acyl type of the peptidoglycan was glycolyl and the whole-cell sugars were galactose and mannose. The cell-wall peptidoglycan mainly contained alanine, glycine and lysine. The menaquinones of strain CFH 90308T were MK-12, MK-13 and MK-11. Strain CFH 90308T contained anteiso-C15:0, anteiso-C17:0, iso-C16:0 and iso-C15:0 as the predominant fatty acids. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between CFH 90308T and the other species of the genus Microbacterium were found to be low (ANIb <81.3 %, dDDH <25.6 %). The secondary metabolite produced by strain CFH 90308T showed antibacterial activities against Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas syringae, Aeromonas hydrophila and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Based on genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic results, the isolate is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Microbacterium, for which the name Microbacterium salsuginis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CFH 90308T (=DSM 105964T=KCTC 49052T).

PMID:38695865 | DOI:10.1099/ijsem.0.006362