Nab-paclitaxel plus platinum versus paclitaxel plus platinum as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic or recurrent cervical cancer

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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2024 Jun 25;150(6):321. doi: 10.1007/s00432-024-05825-z.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel) plus platinum versus paclitaxel plus platinum as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic or recurrent cervical cancer.

METHODS: Between October 2020 and March 2022, consecutive patients with diagnosed with metastatic or recurrent cervical cancer were retrospectively recruited in our hospital. Fifty-four patients were treated with nab-paclitaxel plus cisplatin or carboplatin. Twenty-four patients were treated with paclitaxel plus cisplatin or carboplatin. A propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was done using a multivariable logistic regression model. The two groups were compared for objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in the raw and matched dataset.

RESULTS: The nab-paclitaxel group showed a higher ORR than the paclitaxel group both in the raw dataset (72.2% vs. 45.8%; P = 0.025) and matched dataset (81.1% vs. 47.6%; P = 0.008). The median PFS was significantly longer in the nab-paclitaxel group than in the paclitaxel group both in the raw and matched dataset (12 vs. 7 months; P < 0.05). The median OS was not reached in the nab-paclitaxel group compared with 15 months in the paclitaxel group, with a trend toward prolongation. The most common toxicity was hematological adverse events, including grade 3-4 neutropenia, grade 3 anemia and thrombocytopenia in both groups and no statistical differences were observed between the groups (all P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Compared with paclitaxel plus platinum, nab-paclitaxel plus platinum may be an effective and tolerable option as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic or recurrent cervical cancer.

PMID:38914827 | DOI:10.1007/s00432-024-05825-z