Phytohabitans maris sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment


Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2024 May;74(5). doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.006393.


A novel actinobacterium, strain ZYX-F-186T, was isolated from marine sediment sampled on Yongxing Island, Hainan Province, PR China. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain ZYX-F-186T belongs to the genus Phytohabitans, with high similarity to Phytohabitans kaempferiae KK1-3T (98.3 %), Phytohabitans rumicis K11-0047T (98.1 %), Phytohabitans flavus K09-0627T (98.1 %), Phytohabitans houttuyneae K11-0057T (97.9 %), Phytohabitans suffuscus K07-0523T (97.7 %), and Phytohabitans aurantiacus RD004123T (97.7 %). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain formed a single subclade in the genus Phytohabitans. The novel isolate contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, d-glutamic acid, glycine, d-alanine, and l-lysine in the cell wall. The whole-cell sugars were xylose, arabinose, ribose, and rhamnose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H8), MK-9(H6), and MK-9(H4). The characteristic phospholipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and an unknown phospholipid. The major fatty acids (>5 %) were iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, and iso-C18 : 0. Genome sequencing showed a DNA G+C content of 71.9 mol%. Low average nucleotide identity, digital DNA-DNA hybridization, and average amino acid identity values demonstrated that strain ZYX-F-186T could be readily distinguished from its closely related species. Based on its phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic, and physiological characteristics, strain ZYX-F-186T represents a novel species of the genus Phytohabitans, for which the name Phytohabitans maris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ZYX-F-186T (=CGMCC 4.8025T=CCTCC AA 2023025T=JCM 36507T).

PMID:38752995 | DOI:10.1099/ijsem.0.006393