Stable isotope dilution assay and HS-SPME-GCMS quantification of key aroma volatiles of Australian pineapple (Ananas comosus) cultivars

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Food Chem. 2024 Jun 3;455:139956. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2024.139956. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Pineapple aroma is one of the most important sensory quality traits that influences consumer purchasing patterns. Reported in this paper is a high throughput method to quantify in a single analysis the key volatile organic compounds that contribute to the aroma of pineapple cultivars grown in Australia. The method constituted stable isotope dilution analysis in conjunction with headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas-chromatography mass spectrometry. Deuterium labelled analogues of the target analytes purchased commercially were used as internal standards. Twenty-six volatile organic compounds were targeted for quantification and the resulting calibration functions of the matrix -matched validated method had determination coefficients (R2) ranging from 0.9772 to 0.9999. The method was applied to identify the key aroma volatile compounds produced by popular pineapple cultivars such as ‘Aus Carnival’, ‘Aus Festival’, ‘Aus Jubilee’, ‘Aus Smooth (Smooth Cayenne)’ and ‘Aussie Gold (73-50)’, grown in Queensland, Australia. Pineapple cultivars varied in its content and composition of free volatile components, which were predominantly comprised of esters, followed by terpenes, alcohols, aldehydes, and ketones.

PMID:38843713 | DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2024.139956