Study on the inhibitory and pro-apoptotic effects of different concentrations of total tanshinone alone and in combination with tyrosine kinase inhibitors on human myeloid leukemia cell lines

By

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2024 May 7;104(17):1514-1520. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20231013-00727.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect and investigate the molecular mechanism of different concentrations of total tanshinones alone and in combination with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) on the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis of human myeloid leukemia cell lines. Methods: K562 and Kasumi-1 cell lines were purchased from the Shanghai Cell Bank of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the TKIs-resistant strain K562/T315I cell line was constructed in Molecular Medicine Research Center, Beijing Lu Daopei Institute of Hematology. Logarithmic growth phase cells were taken and divided into intervention groups with total tanshinone of 0, 2.19, 4.38, 8.75, 17.50 and 35.00 μg/ml intervention groups, which were inoculated in 96-well plates at a density of 1×104 cells/well and exposed to the drug for 24 h, and a control group treated with dimethyl sulfoxide was also set up simultaneously. All experiments were repeated independently 3-5 times. The proliferative activity of the cells was assessed using the CCK-8 assay, the apoptotic rates were measured by flow cytometry, and the expression levels of apoptosis-regulating proteins Bcl-2 and Bax were analyzed by Western blotting. The cell lines treated and untreated with total tanshinone were subjected to transcriptome sequencing and gene set enrichment analysis to identify differentially expressed genes. Results: The half-inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of 8.75 μg/ml total tanshinone at 24 h for K562, K562/T315I and Kasumi-1 cells were (4.11±0.02), (4.95±0.04) and (3.98±0.01) μg/ml, respectively. When combined with 0.25 μmol/L imatinib, 8.75 μg/ml total tanshinone could enhance the induction of apoptosis effects on K562 and K562/T315I cell lines. After being treated with 4.38, 8.75, and 17.50 μg/ml of total tanshinone for 24 h, compared with the control group, total tanshinone upregulated the expression level of Bax protein, downregulated the expression level of Bcl-2 protein, and decreased the Bcl-2/Bax ratio (all P<0.05). Total tanshinone inhibited the proliferation-related signaling pathway and DNA damage repair pathway of myeloid leukemia cell lines, and activated the signaling pathway that induces apoptosis in leukemia cells. Conclusion: Different concentrations of total tanshinoneinhibites proliferation and promote apoptosis in K562, Kasumi-1 and TKIs-resistant K562/T315I cell lines, and further enhance the anti-leukemic effect when combined with TKIs.

PMID:38706059 | DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20231013-00727