A systematic comparison of natural product potential, with an emphasis on RiPPs, by Mining of Bacteria of three large ecosystems

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Genomics. 2024 Jun 8:110880. doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2024.110880. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

The implementation of several global microbiome studies has yielded extensive insights into the biosynthetic potential of natural microbial communities. However, studies on the distribution of several classes of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs), non-ribosomal peptides (NRPs) and polyketides (PKs) in different large microbial ecosystems have been very limited. Here, we collected a large set of metagenome-assembled bacterial genomes from marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems to investigate the biosynthetic potential of these bacteria. We demonstrate the utility of public dataset collections for revealing the different secondary metabolite biosynthetic potentials among these different living environments. We show that there is a higher occurrence of RiPPs in terrestrial systems, while in marine systems, we found relatively more terpene-, NRP-, and PK encoding gene clusters. Among the many new biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) identified, we analyzed various Nif-11-like and nitrile hydratase leader peptide (NHLP) containing gene clusters that would merit further study, including promising products, such as mersacidin-, LAP- and proteusin analogs. This research highlights the significance of public datasets in elucidating the biosynthetic potential of microbes in different living environments and underscores the wide bioengineering opportunities within the RiPP family.

PMID:38857812 | DOI:10.1016/j.ygeno.2024.110880