Development of a metabolic engineering technology to simultaneously suppress the expression of multiple genes in yeast and application in carotenoid production

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World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2024 Jun 1;40(7):227. doi: 10.1007/s11274-024-04034-7.

ABSTRACT

In yeast metabolic engineering, there is a need for technologies that simultaneously suppress and regulate the expression of multiple genes and improve the production of target chemicals. In this study, we aimed to develop a novel technology that simultaneously suppresses the expression of multiple genes by combining RNA interference with global metabolic engineering strategy. Furthermore, using β-carotene as the target chemical, we attempted to improve its production by using the technology. First, we developed a technology to suppress the expression of the target genes with various strengths using RNA interference. Using this technology, total carotenoid production was successfully improved by suppressing the expression of a single gene out of 10 candidate genes. Then, using this technology, RNA interference strain targeting 10 candidate genes for simultaneous suppression was constructed. The total carotenoid production of the constructed RNA interference strain was 1.7 times compared with the parental strain. In the constructed strain, the expression of eight out of the 10 candidate genes was suppressed. We developed a novel technology that can simultaneously suppress the expression of multiple genes at various intensities and succeeded in improving carotenoid production in yeast. Because this technology can suppress the expression of any gene, even essential genes, using only gene sequence information, it is considered a useful technology that can suppress the formation of by-products during the production of various target chemicals by yeast.

PMID:38822932 | DOI:10.1007/s11274-024-04034-7