Evaluating the clinical efficacy and safety of concurrent chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin and nab-paclitaxel in postoperative early-stage cervical cancer

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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2024 May 6;150(5):233. doi: 10.1007/s00432-024-05764-9.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A preclinical study showed that nab-paclitaxel acted as a radiosensitizer and improved tumor radiotherapy in a supra-additive manner. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with cisplatin and nab-paclitaxel in postoperative early-stage cervical cancer with an unfavorable prognosis.

METHODS: Eligible patients with stage IB1-IIA2 (FIGO 2009) cervical carcinoma were recruited retrospectively between August 2018 to May 2021. Patients in both the cisplatin and nab-paclitaxel groups received postoperative radiotherapy and weekly intravenous cisplatin 40 mg/m2 or nab-paclitaxel 100 mg concurrently. An analysis of overall survival, progression-free survival, and adverse reactions was conducted.

RESULTS: A total of 105 early-stage cervical cancer patients were included into our study. The median follow-up time was 38.7 months. The 3-year overall survival and progression-free survival in both group was similar. The cycles of chemotherapy in the cisplatin group were less than those in the nab-paclitaxel group (4.5 vs. 5.0; p = 0.001). Patients in the cisplatin group had a significantly higher frequency of hematological adverse events than patients in the nab-paclitaxel group (P < 0.05). Patients in the cisplatin group had a significantly higher frequency of grade 3-4 leukopenia (46.1% vs. 18.9%; P = 0.03), grade 1-2 thrombocytopenia (32.7% vs. 9.5%; P = 0.014) than patients in the nab-paclitaxel group. Gastrointestinal reactions, such as vomiting, nausea, and anorexia were significantly reduced in the nab-paclitaxel group compared with those in the cisplatin group. Regarding the effects on alopecia, the incidence rate of the nab-paclitaxel group was higher than that of the cisplatin group (P = 0.001). There were no differences between the groups in terms of other adverse reactions.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that nab-paclitaxel-based concurrent radiotherapy is tolerable and effective, and can be considered an alternative to cisplatin chemotherapy.

PMID:38709400 | DOI:10.1007/s00432-024-05764-9