Plant necrotrophic bacterial disease resistance phenotypes, QTL, and metabolites identified through integrated genetic mapping and metabolomics in Solanum species

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Front Plant Sci. 2024 Mar 5;15:1336513. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2024.1336513. eCollection 2024.

ABSTRACT

Most food crops are susceptible to necrotrophic bacteria that cause rotting and wilting diseases in fleshy organs and foods. All varieties of cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) are susceptible to diseases caused by Pectobacterium species, but resistance has been demonstrated in wild potato relatives including S. chacoense. Previous studies demonstrated that resistance is in part mediated by antivirulence activity of phytochemicals in stems and tubers. Little is known about the genetic basis of antivirulence traits, and the potential for inheritance and introgression into cultivated potato is unclear. Here, the metabolites and genetic loci associated with antivirulence traits in S. chacoense were elucidated by screening a sequenced S. tuberosum x S. chacoense recombinant inbred line (RIL) population for antivirulence traits of its metabolite extracts. Metabolite extracts from the RILs exhibited a quantitative distribution for two antivirulence traits that were positively correlated: quorum sensing inhibition and exo-protease inhibition, with some evidence of transgressive segregation, supporting the role of multiple loci and metabolites regulating these resistance-associated systems. Metabolomics was performed on the highly resistant and susceptible RILs that revealed 30 metabolites associated with resistance, including several alkaloids and terpenes. Specifically, several prenylated metabolites were more abundant in resistant RILs. We constructed a high-density linkage map with 795 SNPs mapped to 12 linkage groups, spanning a length of 1,507 cM and a density of 1 marker per 1.89 cM. Genetic mapping of the antivirulence and metabolite data identified five quantitative trait loci (QTLs) related to quorum sensing inhibition that explained 8-28% of the phenotypic variation and two QTLs for protease activity inhibition that explained 14-19% of the phenotypic variation. Several candidate genes including alkaloid, and secondary metabolite biosynthesis that are related to disease resistance were identified within these QTLs. Taken together, these data support that quorum sensing inhibition and exo-protease inhibition assays may serve as breeding targets to improve resistance to nectrotrophic bacterial pathogens in potato and other plants. The identified candidate genes and metabolites can be utilized in marker assisted selection and genomic selection to improve soft- rot and blackleg disease resistance.

PMID:38504885 | PMC:PMC10949924 | DOI:10.3389/fpls.2024.1336513