Streptomyces pyxinae sp. nov. and Streptomyces pyxinicus sp. nov. isolated from lichen Pyxine cocoes (Sw.) Nyl


Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2024 May;74(5). doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.006364.


Two novel actinobacteria, designated as LP05-1T and LP11T, were isolated from the lichen Pyxine cocoes (Sw.) Nyl. collected in Bangkok, Thailand. Genotypic and phenotypic analyses revealed that both strains represented members of the genus Streptomyces. The 16S rRNA gene of LP05-1T showed the highest similarity to the genome of Streptomyces gelaticus (98.41 %), while the 16S rRNA gene of LP11T was most similar to that of Streptomyces cinerochromogenes (98.93 %). The major menaquinones in LP05-1T were MK-9(H8), MK-9(H6), MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H2), and in LP11T, they were MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H6). Both strains exhibited the major fatty acids iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0, with LP05-1T also possessing iso-C17 : 0. The polar lipids of LP05-1T included phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and an unidentified lipid, while those of LP11T consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, lyso-phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside, an unidentified aminolipid and an unidentified glycolipid. The digital DNA-DNA hybridisation (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values indicated that both strains are distinct from each other with values below 70 and 95 %, respectively. dDDH, ANI by blast (ANIb) and ANI by MUMmer (ANIm) values between LP05-1T and its closely related type strains were 26.07-26.80 %, 81.24-82.01 % and 86.82-86.96 %, respectively, while those for LP11T and its closely related type strains were 30.70-31.70 %, 84.09-85.31 % and 88.02-88.39 %, respectively. The results of the taxonomic investigation, including dDDH and ANI values, indicate that LP05-1T and LP11T are novel type strains of two novel species within the genus Streptomyces. The names proposed are Streptomyces pyxinae sp. nov. for strain LP05-1T (=TBRC 15494T, =NBRC 115434T) and Streptomyces pyxinicus sp. nov. for strain LP11T (=TBRC 15493T, =NBRC 115421T).

PMID:38713186 | DOI:10.1099/ijsem.0.006364