Terpenes based hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents for dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction of aliphatic aldehydes in drinking water and alcoholic beverages

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Chemosphere. 2024 Mar 12:141706. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2024.141706. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Aliphatic aldehydes are a class of organic compounds containing aldehyde groups, which are widespread, and closely related to people’s daily life and health. In this work, a series of terpenes based hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents were designed and synthesized using hexafluoroisopropanol as hydrogen bond donor and menthol/thymol as hydrogen bond acceptor. Then they are used as extraction solvent in dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction for extracting and determining seven aliphatic aldehydes from drinking water and alcoholic beverage combined with high performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet. Due to the fact that these hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents are liquid at the room temperature, a density greater than that of water, a lower viscosity (≤26.10 mPa s, 25 °C), after extraction and centrifugation, the microvolume DES-rich phase in the bottom is convenient for collection and direct analysis without further dissolution or dilution with organic solvents. Some factors affecting the extraction recovery were optimized by one variable-at-a-time and response surface methodology. Under the optimal conditions, the enrichment factors for the seven aliphatic aldehydes were 48-56. The method had good performance: linear ranges of 1.0-200, 0.5-200, 0.2-200, 0.4-400, 1.0-400, 0.4-400 and 0.4-400 μg L-1 for seven aliphatic aldehydes (r2 ≥ 0.9949), limits of detection of 0.1-0.5 μg L-1, intra-day and inter-day precisions <4.9%. The recoveries of seven aliphatic aldehydes ranged from 76.0 to 119.0%. The proposed dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method is simple, rapid, highly efficient, and green, which effectively reduces the amount of toxic chemical reagents used and their impact on the environment. Rapid and efficient detection of aliphatic aldehydes helps ensure a healthy diet and has great application prospects in food safety analysis.

PMID:38484993 | DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2024.141706