The Effect of Glycyrrhizin on the Viability and Proliferation of Dental Pulp Stem Cells Compared to Intracanal Medicaments

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J Contemp Dent Pract. 2024 Mar 19;25(3):267-275. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3652.

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effect of glycyrrhizin (GA) on the viability and proliferation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) compared with intracanal medicaments.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Third molars of an adult donor were used to obtain the DPSCs. Flow cytometry was utilized to conduct phenotypic analysis for DPSCs. The methyl-thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) test was used to detect the cell viability. Cell proliferation assay was conducted at distinct time intervals: 3, 5, and 7 days.

RESULTS: The flow cytometry analysis verified the positive expression of mesenchymal cell surface antigen molecules (CD73, CD90, and CD105) and the absence of hematological markers (CD14, CD34, and CD45) in the DPSCs. The cells that treated with concentrations more than 0.5 mg/mL of Ca(OH2) and triple antibiotic paste (TAP) gave significant decrease in viability in comparison to the untreated cells (p < 0.05). Also, the cells treated with concentrations 50 and 25 µM of GA showed no significant difference compared with the untreated cells (p > 0.05), while concentrations 12.5 and 6.25 µM expressed a significant increase in viability compared with the untreated cells (p < 0.05). At 7 days, cells treated with the three different concentrations of GA (12.5, 25, and 50 µM) demonstrated a significant increase in cell density compared with Ca(OH)2 and TAP-treated cells (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Based upon the potential of GA on DPSCs proliferation compared with Ca(OH)2 and TAP, It is conceivable to acknowledge that GA could be used as an intracanal medicaments for revascularization process of necrotic immature teeth.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study emphasizes the significance of assessing alternative root canal medicaments and their impact on the proliferation and viability of DPSCs. The results regarding GA, specifically its impact on the viability and growth of DPSCs, provide essential understanding for its potential application as an intracanal medicine. This study adds to the continuous endeavors in identifying safer and more efficient intracanal therapies, which are essential for improving patient outcomes in endodontic operations. How to cite this article: Alrashidi MA, Badawi MF, Elbeltagy MG, et al. The Effect of Glycyrrhizin on the Viability and Proliferation of Dental Pulp Stem Cells Compared to Intracanal Medicaments. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(3):267-275.

PMID:38690701 | DOI:10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3652