Transcriptional analysis of the molecular response of Arabidopsis to manganese stress and recovery

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Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao. 2024 Apr 25;40(4):1138-1156. doi: 10.13345/j.cjb.230516.

ABSTRACT

Manganese (Mn) is an essential element for plants and plays a role in various metabolic processes. However, excess manganese can be toxic to plants. This study aimed to analyze the changes in various physiological activities and the transcriptome of Arabidopsis under different treatments: 1 mmol/L MnCl2 treatment for 1 day or 3 days, and 1 day of recovery on MS medium after 3 days of MnCl2 treatment. During the recovery phase, minor yellowing symptoms appeared on the leaves of Arabidopsis, and the content of chlorophyll and carotenoid decreased significantly, but the content of malondialdehyde and soluble sugar increased rapidly. Transcriptome sequencing data shows that the expression patterns of differentially expressed genes exhibit three major models: initial response model, later response model, recovery response model. Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis identified several affected metabolic pathways, including plant hormone signal transduction mitosolysis activates protein kinase (MAPK) phytohormone signaling, phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, ATP binding cassette transporters (ABC transporter), and glycosphingolipid biosynthesis. Differential expressed genes (DEGs) involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, ABC transporter, and glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, were identified. Sixteen randomly selected DEGs were validated through qRT-PCR and showed consistent results with RNA-seq data. Our findings suggest that the phenylpropanoid metabolic pathway is activated to scavenge reactive oxygen species, the regulation of ABC transporter improves Mn transport, and the adjustment of cell membrane lipid composition occurs through glycerophospholipid metabolism to adapt to Mn stress in plants. This study provides new insights into the molecular response of plants to Mn stress and recovery, as well as theoretical cues for cultivating Mn-resistant plant varieties.

PMID:38658154 | DOI:10.13345/j.cjb.230516