Verification of the peanut vitamin C synthesis-related gene AhPMM and its role in stress resistance

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Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao. 2024 Apr 25;40(4):1089-1101. doi: 10.13345/j.cjb.230426.

ABSTRACT

Vitamin C plays an important role in plant antioxidation, photosynthesis, growth and development, and metabolism. In this study, a gene AhPMM, which is involved in vitamin C synthesis and responds significantly to low temperature, NaCl, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and abscisic acid (ABA) treatments, was cloned from peanut. An AhPMM overexpression vector was constructed, and transferred to a peanut variety Junanxiaohong using the pollen tube injection method. PCR test on the T3 generation transgenic peanut plants showed a transgenics positive rate of 42.3%. HPLC was used to determine the content of reducing vitamin C (AsA) and total vitamin C in the leaves of transgenic plants. The results showed that the content of AsA in some lines increased significantly, up to 1.90 times higher than that of the control, and the total vitamin content increased by up to 1.63 times compared to that of the control. NaCl and ABA tolerance tests were carried out on transgenic seeds. The results showed that the salt tolerance of transgenic seeds was significantly enhanced and the sensitivity to ABA was weakened compared to that of the non-transgenic control. Moreover, the salt tolerance of the transgenic plants was also significantly enhanced compared to that of the non-transgenic control. The above results showed that AhPMM gene not only increased the vitamin C content of peanut, but also increased the salt tolerance of transgenic peanut seeds and plants. This study may provide a genetic source for the molecular breeding of peanut for enhanced salt tolerance.

PMID:38658151 | DOI:10.13345/j.cjb.230426